A Comprehensive Guide on Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition which is characterized by abnormal heart rhythm. Electrical signals are generated from different areas in the heart. The signals are generally strong and erratic. Atrial fibrillation is caused by many things. The first factor is age; the older you become, the higher the chance of getting AFib. Other things that predispose a person to this condition includes hyperlipidemia, chronic renal disease, obesity, diabetes, caffeine, among other.
There are different kinds of AFib. All kind of AFib show the same signs and symptoms but differ in the cause of the disease. Paroxysmal fibrillation is an AFib that appears for few days in a year and goes away without any medication. persistent AFib affects a patient constantly for more than a week and requires medication to restore the condition. Long-standing AFib affects a person for not less than one year. One more type is called permanent AFib. In this kind, the doctor agrees with the patient to stop restoring the rhythm to the normal state.
Atrial fibrillation exposes you to other medical risks. People who live with AFib should know that they are at a high risk of getting stroke. Research shows that a person living with atrial fibrillation is 3-5 times likely to get a stroke. Irregular rhythm of the heart may cause a clot at the atria. The blood clot may travel to the brain and therefore causing a stroke. Also the uncontrolled heart rhythm can cause heart failure. If you are an AFib patient, it is vital to know the signs and synonyms of stroke. A face drop, arm weakness, or speech difficulty are the significant sign. In case you notice any of these signs, consider calling 911 because stroke is treatable when detected early.
A patient experience different AFib symptoms. Heart palpitation is the first and the most common signs. Not all AFib patient experience a speedy and pounding heartbeat. A patient beside experience shortness of breath, weakness, sweating, confusion, faint, and dizziness. A racing heartbeat cause all these symptoms. Visit a health facility once you detect any of these symptoms. Electrocardiogram is used to test the electrical activities in the heart. The medical professional examine the electrocardiogram to establish whether the patient has the condition. Other necessary test includes a blood test, echocardiogram, and x-ray. The other three tests are done to establish whether there is an underlying condition that is causing AFib.
There are a couple of ways of treating atrial fibrillation. The first method is medication where a patient is given drugs that slow down the heart rate. An operation is done to the patient in order to disrupt the electrical pathway. Other methods used to treat this condition includes peacemaker implantation, radiofrequency, and electrical cardioversion.